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LET  THEM  MAKE  ME  A  SANCTUARY,  part  7  quotes






1)     There were different kinds of offerings and sacrifices, and each served a different purposes.

The Sin Offering (Leviticus 4:1-35).
     The Sin Offering was offered “If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them” (Leviticus 4:2).


The Trespass Offering (Leviticus 5:1-19, 6:1-7, 19:1-22).
     The Trespass Offering was offered either “If a soul commit a trespass, and sin through ignorance, in the holy things of the LORD” thus being unintentionally committed, or “If a soul sin, and commit a trespass against the LORD” which was intentionally committed.


The Burnt Offering (Leviticus 1:1-17).
     The Burnt Offering could be offered to atone for any personal sins, but it could also be offered to atone for group or corporate sins (Leviticus 9:7).


The Drink Offering (Exodus 29:40; Leviticus 23:13).
     The Drink Offering was always to be unfermented grape juice connected with the Burnt Offering, and was poured out over it and then fully consumed along with it.


The Meat or Food Offering (Leviticus 2:1-15, 23:13).
     The Meat or Food Offering was always wheat grain that had been crushed, bruised and ground into flour under the weight of a mill stone.  It was then offered either uncooked or baked into bread or wafers, and was mixed with salt and frankincense, and connected with the Burnt Offering and consumed along with it.


The Peace or Thanksgiving Offering (Leviticus 3:1-16).
     This offering was given in gratitude to God for providing a way for sin to be forgiven and peace made with God.  It was also given in gratitude for God’s many blessings, or in connection with a particular vow, and could be offered at any time.


     All these offerings and sacrifices were grouped into two different classes:

- 1) Those that were connected in giving thanks to God, such as the Peace Offering

- 2) Those that were connected with some sin being committed, which included most all the rest.

     In any offering or sacrifice, the individual was to “offer it of his own voluntary will at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation before the Lord” (Leviticus 1:3) in the Outer Court.





2)    

     All these specific sacrificial instructions taught 3 main important truths.


1st Spiritual Truth:

     No one was forced to give or sacrifice any of their possessions in following God’s will, as it was all voluntary.  This taught that each had the freedom of choice to follow God's will or not, and each would be held responsible for their own choice.  This worked to dispel rebellion and stubbornness, while promoting peace, love and contentment.  It encouraged taking responsibility for your own actions instead of blaming others, which then helped to build self-reliance, independence, and nobility of character.





3)   2nd Spiritual Truth:

     Each of these sacrifices cost the giver something.

- For all Peace or Thanksgiving offerings:
     These taught people to show appreciation for the plan of salvation, and for all the merciful kindnesses and blessings God had freely bestowed upon them.  This worked to discourage stinginess and selfishness, or of thinking that all these blessings were somehow deserved by them.

- For all offerings connected with sin:
     These taught that all sin will cost something to have it forgiven and the guilt removed!  This cost was a deterrent against continuing to  commit sin, which encouraged carefulness in all that the people did, while restraining passion or thoughtless actions.

     Also the cost of the offering for sin increased depending on the rank or position of responsibility.  If a priest committed sin, then he was to “bring for his sin...a young bullock [ox], without blemish...for a sin offering” (Leviticus 4:4).  If “a ruler hath sinned” then he was to bring “a kid of the goats, a male without blemish” (Leviticus 4:22-23) for his sin offering.  Or “if any one of the common people sin” (Leviticus 4:27), then they could bring either “a kid of the goats, a female without blemish” (Leviticus 4:28) or “a lamb for a sin offering...a female without blemish” (Leviticus 4:32).

     As an ox was much more expensive than a goat or a lamb; a male goat was more expensive among the goat family, and a female lamb was less expensive than a ram, then this taught that the more responsibility a person had when they committed sin, then the more costly the sacrifice for removing that sin.  This was because the greater the rank or office held, then the greater the influence exerted among the people, and the more likely to be followed in either doing good or doing evil.  This greater cost of the offering for sin led those holding positions of influence to be more careful in how they wielded their influence while in office.





4)    3rd Spiritual Truth:

     Not only could the rich be forgiven their sins, but also the poor.
     “And if he be not able to bring a lamb, then he shall bring for his trespass, which he hath committed, two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, unto the LORD; one for a sin offering, and the other for a burnt offering....and the priest shall make an atonement for him for his sin which he hath sinned, and it shall be forgiven him. ” Leviticus 5:7, 10.


     But what about those who were so poor that they could not even bring two turtledoves or pigeons for their sins?
     “But if he be not able to bring two turtledoves, or two young pigeons, then he that sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering; he shall put no oil upon it, neither shall he put any frankincense thereon: for it is a sin offering....And the priest shall make an atonement for him as touching his sin that he hath sinned in one of these, and it shall be forgiven him...” Leviticus 5:11, 13.


     This fairness in the value of the offerings between the rich and the poor taught that no one was exempt, not even the poorest of the poor, from having to offer up something of value as a sacrifice for sin.





5)   All who wanted to become cleansed from sin and its penalty had to follow this step by step process.

First Step - Choose the proper innocent victim who was “without blemish”, to become your own sacrifice.

Second Step - Bring the innocent victim to the entrance door into the Court of the Sanctuary.

Third Step - For an animal sacrifice, you would place your hand upon the innocent victim's head and confess your sins over it, thus in symbol transferring your sins to this innocent victim.

Fourth Step - Take a knife and kill this substitute victim and spill its blood.  This impressed the fact of truth that all sin brings the penalty of death, and that it would be the innocent who would suffer for the guilty.  The blood of this substitute victim was then taken by the priest and placed on some of the sacred furniture, such as the altar of burnt offering, or upon the altar of incense before God as atonement for their sins.

Fifth Step -  Search for and remove all the fat that covered the inwards of this sacrificial victim, including the two kidneys and the fat that is upon them and the caul above the liver, and then have it, or specific parts of it, placed and burnt in the fire “upon the altar of the burnt offering” (Leviticus 4:8-10, 7:30-31) combined with the Drink Offering of grape juice and the Meat or Food Offering of wheat, until all that remained was ashes.  These ashes were taken outside of the Sanctuary and “without the camp”, and deposited in “a clean place” in the wilderness (Leviticus 4:12, 6:11).